South Africa Economic Survey 2022

The COVID‑19 crisis has weakened an already fragile economy. South Africa’s growth underperformed during the past decade: GDP per capita was already lower in 2019 than in 2008. Unemployment remains high, at around 35%, and youth unemployment even exceeds 50%. In the meantime, spending pressures are mounting to close the financing gap in health, infrastructure and higher education.

© Kanuman/

South Africa Economic Snapshot

蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Economic Outlook, June 2022

The war in Ukraine is a major humanitarian crisis with associated economic shocks that threaten the post‑pandemic recovery. The latest 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Economic Outlook highlights the implications and risks for growth, inflation and living standards from higher commodity prices and potential disruptions to energy and food supplies, and discusses the associated policy challenges.

© Milos Stojanovic/

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United Kingdom Economic Survey 2022

The UK economy recovered from the COVID-19 shock thanks to emergency support measures protecting jobs and incomes and a rapid vaccine rollout, but is slowing amid persisting supply shortages and rising inflation. Fiscal policy has to balance gradual tightening with providing well-targeted temporary support to households who are vulnerable to rising costs of living, supporting growth and addressing significant investment needs.

© Ian Woolcock/

United Kingdom Economic Snapshot

Slovenia Economic Survey 2022

Slovenia’s strong post-pandemic recovery has been hit by strong headwinds from the war in Ukraine, higher energy prices, and supply chain bottlenecks. At the same time, the strong labour market performance has led to historically high employment, low unemployment and widespread labour shortages. Thus, inflation will remain high as growth slows.

© Marcin Jucha/

Slovenia Economic Snapshot

Estonia Economic Survey 2022

Since its independence, Estonia has made tremendous progress towards greater economic prosperity. Estonia enjoys solid institutions, political stability, a strong and credible fiscal policy, as well as a robust financial sector. Estonia is also a frontrunner in digital governance and innovation. Stable and secure digital services are in fact one of the factors that have allowed Estonia to cushion better than others the sanitary and economic shock from the pandemic.

© Oleksiy Mark/

Estonia Economic Snapshot

COVID-19 Country Policy Response Tracker

Public Finance Data Portal

This portal provides data and documents from the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 and external sources to facilitate public finance research.

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Global Forum on Productivity

The  蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Global Forum on Productivity (GFP)   fosters international co-operation between public bodies promoting productivity-enhancing policies. Access the latest research and data on productivity trends and institutions, and follow upcoming events.


Indicators of Product Market Regulation

Pro-competition regulation in the markets for goods and services can help boost living standards, can raise output per capita by increasing investment and employment, and can encourage firms to be more innovative and efficient, thereby lifting productivity. To measure countries’ regulatory stance and to track reform progress over time, since 1998 the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 has been producing a set of indicators of product market regulation (PMR). This set included an economy-wide indicator and a group of indicators that measures regulation at the sector level.

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