Last updated on 16/08/2018
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 encourages the use of its data, publications and multimedia products (sound, image, software, etc.), collectively, the "Material". Unless otherwise stated, the Material is the intellectual property of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 and protected by copyright or other similar rights. Some content in the Material may be owned by third parties. The User is responsible for verifying whether this is the case and, if so, securing the appropriate permissions from these third parties before using such content.
The User may neither represent nor imply that the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 has participated in, approved, endorsed or otherwise supported his or her use or reproduction of the Material. The User may not claim any affiliation with the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口. For information about use of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 name, acronym and logo, please see Section IV below
Except for content governed by specific terms (see sections (b) and (c)) or as may be otherwise indicated on the specific Material, the reproduction and translation of the Material is authorised for commercial and non-commercial purposes within established limits.
You may need to submit a formal request in certain circumstances. See below for further instructions:
- for excerpt(s), you should obtain the authorisation via Copyright Clearance Centre, Inc. (CCC) ; visit www.copyright.com and enter the title that you are requesting permission for in the "Get Permission" search box
- for requests to
reproduce the complete text
complete this form
- for requests to
translate the complete text
complete this form
or less of a complete work or a maximum of 5 tables and/or graphs
taken from a workis granted free of charge and without formal written permission provided You do not alter the Material in any way and You cite the source as follows: 蜂鸟电竞在线入口/(co-author(s) if any) (year), (Title), URL.
In cases of translations of such extracts, You must include the following disclaimer: “
This translation was not created by the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 and should not be considered an official 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 translation. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation.”
- for all other requests concerning reproduction please complete this form
all other requests concerning translation
complete this form
Note: The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 does not allow posting of PDF files of its Material on any Internet sites, but You are welcome to link to the Material and, whenever the version is available, to share and embed it, in whole or in part, without the need to request permission from the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口.
Read editions are optimised for browser-enabled mobile devices and can be read on screen wherever there is an internet connection.
Certain content is governed by specific terms and conditions. Please see below:
If the CC license on the particular Material indicates NoDerivs (ND) but You would nonetheless like to to create derivative works, including translations, please send us the corresponding form:
- for requests concerning reproduction please complete this form
- for requests concerning translation please complete this form
- If the CC license on the particular Material indicates NonCommercial (NC) but You would nonetheless like to use the Material for commercial purposes , submit a request to the Copyright Clearance Centre, Inc. (CCC), www.copyright.com .
- Translations — If You create a translation of PISA content, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 and should not be considered an official 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 translation. The quality of the translation and its coherence with the original language text of the work are the sole responsibility of the author or authors of the translation. In the event of any discrepancy between the original work and the translation, only the text of original work shall be considered valid .
We encourage You to provide your translation (PDF format) to the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 at
- Adaptations — If You create an adaptation of PISA content, please add the following disclaimer along with the attribution: This is an adaptation of an original work by the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口. The opinions expressed and arguments employed in this adaptation are the sole responsibility of the author or authors of the adaptation and should not be reported as representing the official views of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 or of its member countries .
Official texts of 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Legal Instruments in both 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 official languages (English and French), as well as related information, are made available in the Compendium of 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Legal Instruments at
. 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Legal Instruments may be found elsewhere, including on 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 websites, but You should always consult the Compendium, as it is the only source of the official and up do date texts and information.
You may reproduce and distribute individual 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Legal Instruments free of charge and without requesting any permissions, as long as You do not alter them in any way. You may use excerpts of a Legal Instrument, as long as You ensure that the legal nature/integrity of the Instrument is preserved and the excerpt is not used out of context or provides incomplete information or otherwise mislead the reader as to the actual legal nature, scope or content of the Legal Instrument. 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Legal Instruments may not be sold but may be used in the context of commercial activities such as, for example, consulting or training services.
蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Legal Instruments are available in the two 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 official languages (English and French). Translations into other languages may be available on the website, but the only official texts remain the English and French versions.
You may translate 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Legal Instruments and related information and documents provided in the Compendium into other languages, as long as the translation is labelled “unofficial translation” and You include the following disclaimer: “
This translation has been prepared by [translation author] for informational purpose only and its accuracy cannot be guaranteed by the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口. The only official versions are the English and French texts available on the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 website
We encourage You to provide your translation (PDF format) to the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 makes data (the “Data”) available for use and consultation by the public. Data may be subject to restrictions beyond the scope of these Terms and Conditions, either because specific terms apply to those Data or because third parties may have ownership interests. It is the User’s responsibility to verify, either directly in the metadata or, if available, by clicking on the
icon and then referring to the "source" tab, whether the Data is fully or partially owned by third parties and/or whether additional restrictions may apply, and to contact the owner of the Data before incorporating it in your work in order to secure the necessary permissions. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 in no way represents or warrants that it owns or controls all rights in all Data, and the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 will not be liable to any User for any claims brought against the User by third parties in connection with the use of any Data.
Except where additional restrictions apply as stated above, You can extract from, download, copy, adapt, print, distribute, share and embed Data for any purpose, even for commercial use. You must give appropriate credit to the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 by using the citation associated with the relevant Data, or, if no specific citation is available, You must cite the source information using the following format: 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 (year), (dataset name),(data source) DOI or URL (accessed on (date)). When sharing or licensing work created using the Data, You agree to include the same acknowledgment requirement in any sub-licenses that You grant, along with the requirement that any further sub-licensees do the same.
Availability of Data
The availability of the Data is contingent upon the availability of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s corresponding resources, whose capacity is subject to change at any time. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 may monitor your use of the Data and reserves the right, at its sole discretion and without limitation, to modify the amount of Data You may request in a single query, to modify the number of queries You may make over a specified time, to remove certain Data and to alter the file formats in which Data are available.
蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)
You may use one or more 蜂鸟电竞在线入口-developed application programming interfaces (“APIs”) to facilitate access to the Data. APIs are made available on an “as-is” basis, and use of an API is at your own risk. In particular, but without limitation, the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 disclaims all warranties as to an API’s compatibility with your hardware and software and accepts no liability for any damages or claims arising out of or in connection with your use of an API and/or the underlying Data accessed through an API. For the avoidance of doubt, the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 accepts no obligation to provide technical, administrative or other support in connection with the APIs or for any other purpose. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 may decide to suspend or terminate the provision of the APIs and API-accessible Data at any time.
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 may release updated versions of the APIs from time to time and at its sole discretion. Once the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 releases updated versions, previous APIs may no longer function properly, and You therefore agree, for each API, to use the most up-to-date version available.
You agree not to modify, distribute, decompile, disassemble, reverse engineer or perform any similar action on the APIs or any of their portions or components.
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 reserves the right to limit or suspend any User’s IP address access to the APIs at any time and without notice for any reason, including if the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 determines that You are using or are attempting to use the Data and/or the APIs in violation of these Terms and Conditions in such a way as to harm the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 or any other party, or if You are placing too great a strain on the infrastructure necessary for making the Data available to a reasonable number of people. You agree not to use any technical means to interfere with the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s monitoring of usage of the above-mentioned resources. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 reserves the right to use any technical means to overcome attempted technical interference with usage monitoring. Finally, the Data and the APIs will be unavailable from time to time, at the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s sole discretion, for periodic maintenance.
As noted above, these Terms and Conditions may be updated from time to time. By using an API, You agree to periodically review these Terms and Conditions, to take note of any changes thereto, and to adapt your usage of the API accordingly.
You shall not do any of the following in any messaging or communication facilities that may be found on an 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Website:
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 reserves the right to deny, at its sole discretion, any User’s IP address online access to the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites or any portion thereof without notice.
You specifically acknowledge and agree that the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 is not liable for any conduct of any other User, including, but not limited to, the types of conduct listed above.
In order to promote its work, and because linking is an essential aspect of the Internet, the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 encourages You to include hyperlinks to the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites without having to ask prior permission, under the following conditions:
These hyperlinks must not:
If You have further questions about linking to the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites, e-mail email@example.com .
蜂鸟电竞在线入口 logo for authorship and endorsement
As stated in Section I above, You may not claim any affiliation with the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口. If You wish to use the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 name, acronym, logo or other identifying symbol in a way that implies endorsement, partnership or authorship, You must obtain our written permission and agreement on how the name, acronym, logo or other identifying symbol will be used. Send your request to firstname.lastname@example.org . If permission is granted, it is only granted for the specific usage referred to in 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s reply; each new use requires a new request.
THE MATERIAL AS WELL AS ANY OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 ON THE 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 WEBSITES OR ON ANOTHER MEDIUM IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 makes every effort to ensure, but does not guarantee, the accuracy or completeness of the Material (including the Data). If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them.
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 may add, change, improve, or update the Material without notice. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 reserves its exclusive right in its sole discretion to alter, limit or discontinue all or part of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites and/or any Material. Under no circumstances shall the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense suffered which is claimed to result from use of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites or the Material, including without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay. In particular, and without limitation, the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 disclaims all guarantees as to the compatibility of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites with any hardware, operating system, web browser, or other means of accessing the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites. Use of the Material or any 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Website or any component thereof (including the Data and APIs) is at the User's sole risk.
We make every effort to minimise disruption caused by technical errors. However, some Material on the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites may have been created or structured in files or formats which are not error-free and it cannot be guaranteed that the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 accepts no responsibility with regard to such problems (failure of performance, computer virus, communication line failure, alteration of content, etc.) incurred as a result of using the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites or any link to external sites.
For site security purposes, and to ensure that the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites remain available to all Users, the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorised attempts to upload or make changes to the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites or any Material, or otherwise cause damage and to detect other possible security breaches.
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites may contain advice, opinions and statements from external websites. Hyperlinks to non-蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Internet sites do not imply any official endorsement of or responsibility for the opinions, ideas, data or products presented at these locations or guarantee the validity of the information provided. The sole purpose of links to other sites is to indicate further information available on related topics.
The mention of specific companies or certain products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.
Information contained in the Material and on the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Websites does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Secretariat or its Members concerning the legal status of any country or of its authorities. Its content, as well as any data and any maps displayed are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Note by Türkiye
The information in the documents with reference to “Cyprus” relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Türkiye recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of the United Nations, Türkiye shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus issue”.
Note by all the European Union Member States of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 and the European Union
The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Türkiye. The information in the documents relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
Disclaimers for 蜂鸟电竞在线入口's Social Media Accounts
The opinions expressed and arguments employed in the content displayed on the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s social media accounts do not necessarily reflect the official views of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口, its Member countries, or any stakeholders who have contributed to or participated in any related work.
The content displayed on the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口's social media accounts, as well as any data and any map displayed herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area. Please refer to the Section V (Disclaimers) of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Terms and Conditions for specific territorial disclaimers.
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s social media accounts may display third party content or include hyperlinks to third party websites or social media accounts. The inclusion of such content or hyperlinks does not imply any endorsement of or responsibility for the opinions, ideas, data, products or information presented in such content or at these locations or guarantee the validity of the information provided.
The mention of specific companies, individuals or certain products in the content displayed on 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s social media accounts does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.
The content displayed on the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口's social media accounts may display or include hyperlinks to 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 documents, data, publications and multimedia products (sound, image, software, etc.). Unless otherwise stated, all content displayed on the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口’s social media accounts are the intellectual property of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 and protected by copyright or other similar rights. The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 encourages the use of the ©蜂鸟电竞在线入口 content subject to the Section I (Use of Materials) of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Terms and Conditions . For third party content, please make sure that you secured the appropriate permissions from these third parties before using such content.
Please do not post any comment that is offensive, defamatory, threatening, insulting, abusive, hateful or embarrassing to any person or entity.
The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 does not guarantee the truthfulness, accuracy, or validity of any comments posted to its social media accounts and reserves the right to delete or edit any comments that it considers inappropriate or unacceptable for any reason.
Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or a waiver of the privileges and immunities of the 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 or of any related body or entity, which are specifically reserved.