Best Practice Roundtables on Competition Policy


The 蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Competition Committee promotes re‌gular exchanges of views and analysis on competition policy issues. All related materials from these discussions, including submissions from countries, invited experts and presentations are published within the Best Practice Roundtables on Competition Policy series.    

Latest topics


June 2022 

Competition and Regulation in the Provision of Local Transportation Services

Interim Measures in Antitrust Investigations

Thinking out of the Competition Box: Enforcement Co-operation in Other Policy Areas

Purchasing Power and Buyers' Cartels

Market Power in the Digital Economy and Competition Policy

Disentangling Consummated Mergers – Experiences and Challenges

Integrating Consumer Behaviour Insights in Competition Enforcement  


Access by topic

Abuse of dominance



Regulated sectors


‌‌‌Pro-competitive policy reforms    

Access by year

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2014     2013     2012    2011    2010     2009     2008   
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Competition issues in books and e-books

Environmental considerations in competition enforcement

Ex Ante regulation and competition in digital markets

Competition issues in news media and digital platforms

Trade, development and competition

Economic analysis and evidence in abuse cases

The promotion of competitive neutrality by competition authorities

Competition enforcement and regulatory alternatives

Competition compliance programmes

Data portability, interoperability and competition

The concept of potential competition

Methodologies to measure market competition




Competition in digital advertising markets

Sustainability and Competition

Competition Economics of Digital Ecosystems

The Role of Competition Policy in Promoting Economic Recovery

Competition policy: Time for a reset?

Abuse of dominance in digital markets

Economic analysis in merger investigations

Using market studies to tackle emerging competition issues

Line of business restrictions as a solution to competition concerns

Criminalisation of cartels and bid rigging conspiracies

Conglomerate effects of mergers

Consumer data rights and competition

Start-ups, killer acquisitions and merger control



Independent sector regulators and competition

Access to the case file and protection of confidential information

Barriers to exit in competition

Hub-and-spoke arrangements in competition

Competition under fire

Competition provisions in trade agreements 

Merger control in dynamic markets  

Competition for-the-market

Publicly funded education markets

The standard of review by courts in competition cases

Licensing of IP rights and competition law

Competition issues in labour markets

Digital disruption in financial markets

Vertical mergers in the technology, media and telecom sector



Designing publicly funded healthcare markets

Treatment of legally privileged information in competition proceedings

Gun jumping and suspensory effects of merger notifications  

Excessive pricing in pharmaceuticals

Personalised pricing in the digital era

Quality considerations in the zero-price economy

How can competition contribute to fairer societies?

Gender and competition

Benefits and challenges of regional competition agreements

Investigative powers in practice

Competition law and state-owned enterprises

Taxi, ride-sourcing and ride-sharing services

Challenges and co-ordination of leniency programmes

Consumer-facing remedies

Non-price effects of mergers

Implications of E-commerce for Competition Policy

Market concentration  

Blockchain and competition policy



Focus on small agencies and those in developing economies: Overcoming adversity and attaining success

Judicial perspectives on competition law

Are competition and democracy symbiotic?

Extraterritorial reach of competition remedies

Co-operation between Competition Agencies and Regulators in the Financial Sector: 
10 years on from the Financial Crisis

Common ownership by institutional investors and its impact on competition

Safe harbours and legal presumptions in competition law  

Radical Innovation in the Electricity Sector  

Market studies methodologies for competition authorities

Competition issues in aftermarkets  

Rethinking the use of traditional antitrust enforcement tools in multi-sided markets

Algorithms and collusion  



Competition and innovation in land transport

Geographic market definition across national borders  

Agency decision-making in merger cases: Prohibition and conditional clearances

Price discrimination

Big Data: Bringing competition policy to the digital era

Promoting competition; Protecting human rights

The role of market studies as a tool to promote competition

Independence of competition authorities - From designs to practices

Sanctions in antitrust cases

Disruptive innovations in legal services

Public interest considerations in merger control

Jurisdictional nexus in merger control regimes

Fidelity rebates

Commitment Decisions in Antitrust Cases



Competition and Across Platform Parity Agreements

Competition and d isruptive innovation in financial markets

Cartels involving intermediate goods

Does competition kill or create jobs? The links and drivers between competition and employment

The impact of disruptive innovations on competition law enforcement

Serial offenders: Why do some industries seem prone to endemic collusion?

Competitive Neutrality

Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities

Disruptive Innovations

Liner Shipping

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions

Oligopoly Markets

Public and Private Antitrust Enforcement in Competition



Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities

Intellectual Property and Standard Settings

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions

Competition and the use of markers in leniency programmes

Enhanced Enforcement Co-operation

蜂鸟电竞在线入口 inventory of international co-operation agreements on competition

Financing of the Roll-out of Broadband Networks

Competition in Public-Private Partnerships

Generic pharmaceuticals and competition

Airline Competition

Competition Issues in the Distribution of Pharmaceuticals

Fighting Corruption and Promoting Competition

Competition in Financial Consumer Protection

Investigations of Consummated and Non-notifiable Mergers

Evaluation of Competitive Impacts of Government Interventions



Competition issues in Waste Management

Competition and macroeconomic outcomes factsheet  

Ex officio cartel Investigation and the Use of Screens to Detect Cartels  

Competition issues in the Food Chain Industry

Remedies in Cross-border Merger Cases  

Definition of Transaction for the Purpose of Merger Control Review

Recent Developments in Rail Transportation Services

Competition in Road Fuel

Role and Measurement of Quality in Competition Analysis

Competition Issues in Television and Broadcasting

Competition and Poverty Reduction

Vertical Restraints for On-line Sales

Methods for Allocating Contracts for the Provision of Regional and Local Transportation Services



Competition and Behavioural Economics

Competition and Payment Systems

Leniency for Subsequent Applicants

The Role of Efficiency Claims in Antitrust Proceedings

The Digital Economy

Competition and Commodity Price Volatility

Market Definition

Unilateral Disclosure of Information with Anticompetitive Effects

Improving International Co-operation in Cartel Investigations

Competition in Hospital Services



Quantification of Harm to Competition by National Courts and Competition Agencies

Impact Evaluation of Merger Decisions

Promoting Compliance with Competition Law

Procedural Fairness: Competition Authorities, Courts
and Recent Developments

Economic Evidence in Merger Analysis

Remedies in Merger Cases

Cross-Border Merger Control: Challenges for Developing and Emerging Economies

Excessive Prices

Competition in Ports and Port Services

The Regulated Conduct Defence  

Crisis Cartels  



Horizontal Agreements in the Environmental Context

Information Exchanges between Competitors under Competition Law

Pro-active Policies for Green Growth and the Market Economy

Arbitration and Competition

Emission Permits and Competition

Standard Setting

Competition and Credit Rating Agencies

Exit Strategies  

Competition and Sports

Procedural Fairness: Issues in Civil and Administrative Enforcement Proceedings  

Competition and Corporate Governance

Electricity: Renewables and Smart Grids  

Competition, Concentration and Stability in the Banking Sector  

Competition, State Aids and Subsidies

Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement  



State-Owned Enterprises and the Principle of Competitive Neutrality  

Generic Pharmaceuticals  

Margin Squeeze  

The Failing Firm Defence

Standard for Merger Review

Competition, Patents and Innovation II

Competition Policy, Industrial Policy and National Champions

Competition Policy and the Informal Economy

Two-Sided Markets

Competition and Regulation in Auditing and Related Professions  

Competition and Financial Markets  



Monopsony and Buyer Power  

Experience with Direct Settlements in Cartel Cases  

Resale Price Maintenance  

Competition Policy for Vertical Relations in Gasoline Retailing  

Presenting Complex Economic Theories to Judges  

Fidelity and Bundled Rebates and Discounts  

Minority Shareholdings and Interlocking Directorates  

Construction Industry  

Land Use Restrictions as Barriers to Entry  

Market Studies  

The Interface between Competition and Consumer Policies  



Refusals to Deal

Managing Complex Mergers

Trade Associations

Taxi Services Regulation and Competition

Facilitating Practices in Oligopolies  

Guidance to Business on Monopolisation and Abuse of Dominance  

Dynamic Efficiencies in Merger Analysis  

Competitive Restrictions in Legal Professions  

Energy Security and Competition Policy  

Public Procurement - The Role of Competition Authorities in Promoting Competition  

Vertical Mergers

Improving Competition in Real Estate Transactions



Evidentiary Issues in Proving Dominance

Plea Bargaining/Settlement of Cartel Cases

Competition, Patents and Innovation  

Private Remedies  

Competition and Regulation in Retail Banking  

Competition and Efficient Usage of Payment Cards  

Competition in Bidding Markets  

Remedies and Sanctions in Abuse of Dominance Cases  


Environmental Regulation and Competition  

Access to Key Transport Facilities  

Prosecuting Cartels without Direct Evidence of Agreement



Competition in the Provision of Hospital Services

The Impact of Substitute Services on Regulation

Barriers to Entry  

Resale Below Cost Laws and Regulations  

Structural Reform in the Rail Industry  

Evaluation of the Actions and Resources of Competition Authorities

Competition on the Merits



Competition and Regulation in Agriculture: Monopsony Buying and Joint Selling  

Predatory Foreclosure

Enhancing Beneficial Competititon in the Health Professions  

Intellectual Property Rights  

Regulating Market Activities by Public Sector  

Competition and Regulation in the Water Sector  



Cartels: Sanctions Against Individuals  

Merger Remedies  

Universal Service Obligations  

Media Mergers  



Competition Issues in the Electricity Sector  

Substantive Criteria Used for the Assessment of Mergers  

Communication by Competition Authorities  

Loyalty and Fidelity Discounts and Rebates  

Merger Review in Emerging High Innovation Markets  



Competition and Regulation Issues in Telecommunications  

Portfolio Effects in Conglomerate Mergers  

Competition Policy in Subsidies and State Aid  

Price Transparency  



Competition Issues in Road Transport  

Competition in the Pharmaceutical Industry  

Competition Issues in Electronic Commerce  

Competition Issues in Joint Ventures  

Promoting Competition in the Natural Gas Industry  

Mergers in Financial Services  



Competition in Local Services: Solid Waste Management  

Competition in Professional Services  

Airline Mergers and Alliances  


Promoting Competition in Postal Services  



Buying Power of Multiproduct Retailers  

Relations between Regulators and Competition Authorities  

Competition Policy and Procurement Markets  

Competition and Regulation in Broadcasting in the Light of Convergence  

Competition and Related Regulation Issues in the Insurance Industry  

Enhancing the Role of Competition in the Regulation of Banks  



Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights  

Competition Policy and International Airport Services  

Railways: Structure, Regulation and Competition Policy  

Resale Price Maintenance  



Judicial Enforcement of Competition Law  

Application of Competition Policy to the Electricity Sector  

Competition Issues related to Sports  

General Cartel Bans: Criteria for Exemption for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises  

Application of Competition Policy to High Tech Markets  

Abuse of Dominance and Monopolisation  

The Essential Facilities Concept  



The Reform of International Satellite Organisations  

Competition in Telecommunications  

Developments in Telecommunications: An Update (1997)

Developments in Telecommunications: Australia  

Developments in Telecommunications: Italy  

Developments in Telecommunications: Poland  

Efficiency Claims in Mergers and Other Horizontal Agreements  

Competition Policy and Film Distribution  

Failing Firm Defence  

Competition Policy and Environment

In Focus



Competition and Regulation in the Provision of Local Transportation Services

interim-measures-in-antitrust-investigations cover

Interim Measures in Antitrust Investigations


Thinking out of the Competition Box: Enforcement Co-operation in Other Policy Areas

purchasing-power-and-buyers-cartels-cover ‌ 

Purchasing Power and Buyers Cartels


The Evolving Concept of Market Power in the Digital Economy

disentangling-consummated-mergers-cover ‌ 

Disentangling Consummated Mergers – Experiences and Challenges

integrating-consumer-behavioural-insights-in-competition-enforcement-cover ‌ 

Integrating Consumer Behaviour Insights in Competition Enforcement


蜂鸟电竞在线入口 handbook on competition policy in the digital age (cover)

蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Handbook on Competition Policy in the Digital Age


蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Competition Trends 2022 Cover

蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Competition Trends 2022





Best practice roundtables
Country reviews
Global Forum on Competition
Latin American & Caribbean Competition Forum
Reports by competition agencies
Reports by the Competition Committee


About global relations
Hungary centre for competition
Korea centre for competition
Peru centre for competition


COVID-19: Competition policy responses
蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Handbook on Competition Policy in the Digital Era
蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Competition Trends

蜂鸟电竞在线入口 Recommendations on competition
Best practices on information exchange
Competition assessment toolkit
Factsheet on competition and macroeconomic outcomes
Guidelines for fighting bid rigging
Guide for helping authorities assess the impact of their activities
Guiding principles for regulatory quality and performance
Inventory of MOUs between competition agencies
Inventory of international co-operation agreements on competition
International Cartels Database

Reference guide on ex-post evaluation of enforcement decisions

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